Monday, May 18, 2020

Essay on William of Ockham - 1155 Words

William of Ockham is probably best remembered for his idea of metaphysical nominalism and Okhams Razor, which is obviously named after him. William of Ockham was born between 1285- 1287 in Surrey, England soon to be named Ockham (Spade). Since historians know little to none about Ockhams birth and childhood we have to assume dates by inferring from what was written down about events of his life. He was a medieval English philosopher and Franciscan monk. At an early age, estimating preteen years, Ockham was `given to the Franciscan house in Ockham (Beckett). There Ockham most likely received his grade school education and his high school education in logic and science about the age of fourteen (Spade). Ockham took the†¦show more content†¦On May 26, 1328, Ockham and a few others fled to Avignon and went into exile in Italy where Louis of Barvaria, the Holy Roman Emperor (Beckett). Ockham and the others found refuge under his protection (Beckett). On June 6, 1328, Ockham was excommunicated by Pope John XXII for leaving Avignon without permission (OConnor, Robertson). Holy Roman Emperor Louis had also been excommunicated. Ockham along with Louis and the others returned to Munich. He stayed there, under Imperial control until his death (Stanford). During this time, Ockham wrote exclusively on political matters (Stanford). He died on April 9th or 10th, 1347. William of Ockhams writings can be divided into two categories: academic and political. The academic writings are divided into two groups: Theological and Philosophical. Ockhams academic theological writings are: Commentary on the Sentences of Peter Lombard (1317-1318) and Seven Quodibets. Academic philosophical writings are divided into 2 also: logical and natural philosophy. His logical writings are Expositions of Aristotles Physics and on Aristotles Categories on Interpretation and Sophistic Refutations. Summa of Logic, Treatise on Predestination, and Gods Foreknowledge with Respect of Future Contingents are also part of his philosophical work. Natural Philosophy writings are Exposition ofShow MoreRelatedWilliam Of Ockham And David Hume931 Words   |  4 Pagesbetween William of Ockham and David Hume, highlighting for example, the Regularist View of Causality. Answer: David Hume William of Ockham Hume did not deny causation. He embraced it. But he did say that empirical methods could not logically prove its necessity, as observations only show a constant conjunction of events, a regular succession of A followed by B, which leads the mind to the inference of cause and effect. For Hume, causality is something humans naturally believe. Ockham readilyRead MoreScholasticism776 Words   |  4 PagesDoctor†[6], and William of Ockham. Scotus arrives at the idea that God and the Infinite, are notions reached via metaphysics; it was understood by the Franciscans in the strict Aristotelian sense as the science of being as being. Eventually, this led to the establishment of the autonomy of philosophy and theology. He made it clear that each of these disciplines has its own method and object; although Scotus assumed that theology presupposes a metaphysical course. It was William of Ockham however, whichRead MoreThe Black Death Of The Middle Ages1825 Words   |  8 Pagesand old, the peasant class began to revolt. While unrest occurred throughout Western Europe events like the conciliar movement called into question the emerging conceptions of limitations on rulers’ power. Theologian including John Wycliffe, William of Ockham, and Christine de Pizan all captured the number political ideas of the time. The events that defined this period in history helped shape what we have come to know and trust in our government. During the time the Black Death swept Western EuropeRead MoreRealism And The Language Of Universals And Particulars2044 Words   |  9 Pagesground linguistically based upon the notions that these two philosophical ideals are traditionally founded upon through general conceptions of language. That is simply the debate of strictly concrete particulars for the nominalists, such as Kant, Ockham, and Hume, and for the realists like Pierce, Burley, and Aristotle there is the existence of concrete particulars as well as abstract universals. How do these terms determine how one can interpret each position accordingly and if each position holdsRead MoreAugusta Ada King or Count of Lovelace was born with the name Augusta Ada Byron but who’s now known600 Words   |  3 PagesCharles Wheatstone, Charles Dickens and also Michael Faraday. Ada got married to her husband William King in 1835. They lived in a big estate inside of Ockham Park. They spent their honeymoon at Worthy Manor in As hley Combe. Ada and William had three children together named Byron, Anne and Ralph. Later, Ada’s mother hired William Carpenter to teach her children and to act a moral instructors for Ada. William began to fall in love with Ada as he was teaching her kids and as soon as Ada realized thatRead MoreEssay on The Identity Theory529 Words   |  3 Pagesthrough discovery would have to prove that everyone sees the same color with out variation or if there were variation, there would have to be a physical tangible reason that causes the variation. An adductive principle, founded by William of Ockham states that it is much easier to adopt the Identity Theory rather than Cartesian Dualism because it is much simpler in nature. Parsimony is another term used for simple, but it includes reasoning that it is more logical to believe in a simpleRead MoreThe Reformation and the Church Essay example1587 Words   |  7 PagesSt. Albert the Great, and St. Bonaventure (Johnson, 282). A theologian from Oxford University, William of Ockham, proposed the doctrines of Voluntarism and Nominalism in order to reform Scholasticism. In the process, â€Å"He extolled the separation of church and state and denied all temporal power to the pope, thus shattering medieval Christianity’s ideal of unity† (Pinckaers, 241). The Nominalism that Ockham extolled gave power to the individual and proposed a morality based on obligation (Pinckaers,Read MoreThe Design Argument For The Existence Of God1286 Words   |  6 Pagesand moon to sustain human life. If either of these things were less ideal, there would be drastically worse outcomes for the giraffes and humans on earth. The harmony we witness in nature compels the belief in an intelligent designer. Philosopher William Paley gives an example supporting this argument using a natural rock and a watch. He argues that in a forest if someone were to stumble upon a rock, they would not likely question why or how the rock came to be there, for all they know it has beenRead MoreThe African American Women Were The Most Exploited Working Force1413 Words   |  6 Pagesto get hired out. In fact it was somewhat common for slaves to get hired out for their skills. This gave the slaves more freedom and on Sundays, during Christmas, and New Year’s they threw parties. This possibly could have been where Ellen met William craft who was an apprentice in a cabinet makers shop. Later down the road their friendship turned to love and Ellen refused to consider marriage at that time due to so many slave families being torn apart by slavery. In 1846 they were allowed toRead MoreFreedom and Determinism Essay2348 Words   |  10 Pagesdistinguished between the inclination toward the just a nd the inclination toward the advantageous; freedom results from the ability to choose between the two. The modern understanding of â€Å"free will† was most closely explained by the Franciscan William of Ockham. He believed an individual has the liberty to be indifferent, therefore making no choice at all. He also adopted an alternative understanding of predestination according to which some are predestined on account of their foreseen merits. According

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Reconstruction Essay examples - 2054 Words

Victoria Hubble February 8, 2000 Reconstruction The Reconstruction, a time most people would call a rebirth, succeeded in few of the goals that it had set out to achieve within the 12 years it was in progress. It was the reconstruction’s failure in its objectives, that brought forth the inevitable success in changing the South, as well as the countless African Americans living in it as well as the countless African Americans living in it at the time. There were three goals the reconstruction set, and failed to achieve, as well as emphasizing the profound effect it had on the south, and an entire race. In the South the Reconstruction period was a time of readjustment accompanied by disorder. Southern whites wished to keep blacks in a†¦show more content†¦Corruption there certainly was, though nowhere on the scale of the Tweed Ring, which at that time was busily looting New York City; but it is not possible to show that Republicans were more guilty than Democrats, or bl acks than whites, in the scandals that did occur. If the Civil War was fought to set black slaves free, then Reconstruction proved to be a fight to limit their freedom. Political power was gained by former slaves during the late 1860s, but any power gained was all but gone by the end of the 1880s. Blacks were given liberty in name only for the most part. They were not allowed to develop nor use the skills necessary to take advantage of that liberty in America’s unique system of democracy and capitalism. For most African Americans living in the south during the Reconstruction era, life changed dramatically from enslavement, to a life of limited rights. Even though the reconstruction offered them a few unreliable rights, it failed to offer them the equal amount of social, economic, and political freedoms. It was these three contributing factors that participated in changing the south. The Reconstruction was started by the freed slaves who rallied and protested for civil rights as well as justice. In addition to this, Radical Republicans from 1865 to 1877 temporarily wiped out each state in the South’s system of government. All of the amp;quot;blackShow MoreRelatedCrime Scene Reconstruction1438 Words   |  6 PagesKristin Waters Crime Scene Reconstruction ENC 1102-154 Reconstructing a crime scene takes a lot of effort from experienced law enforcement, medical examiners, and criminalists. All of these professionals give unique perspectives to develop a crime-scene reconstruction. Forensic scientists also play a vital role in helping to reconstruct the crime scene. They use the crime-scene reconstruction to show events that occurred prior to, during, and after a crime was committed. (Saferstein, 2009) Read MoreReconstruction Of Reconstruction And Reconstruction1031 Words   |  5 PagesReconstruction what is it?What does it mean to reconstruct? Is it possible to reconstruct nowadays? Reconstruction started in 1865 and ended in 1877.Reconstruction took place mostly in the south. Reconstruction was created to help fix the problems in the new union after slavery, but sadly didn t end well causing an all white government into power and failing the union. New economic,political and industrial growth was being made. New job opportunities were being m ade for the people and former blackRead MoreReconstruction Goals : Reconstruction And Reconstruction1296 Words   |  6 PagesReconstruction Goals Reconstruction started in 1865 after the war was coming to an end and completed in 1877. It Is the process by which federal government controlled the former Confederate states and the conditions for their readmission to the union. Abraham Lincoln was our president at the time and could not form a treaty with the defeated government. After the emancipation, thousands of freedmen left their plantation to find a new life without being owned and forced to work. This began theRead MoreReconstruction : The Failure Of Reconstruction1529 Words   |  7 PagesReconstruction: By: Siryet Girma 1,514 words 7 pages Historical Paper Reconstruction: the failure Reconstruction was a failure because African American were still not equal to White Americans. The Emancipation Proclamation was proclaimed in January 1, 1863. It freed more than 3 million slaves in the Confederate states by January 1, 1863, blacks enlisted in the Union Army in large numbers, reaching some 180,000 by war’sRead MoreReconstruction Of The Reconstruction Era1587 Words   |  7 PagesThe Reconstruction Era was known as a time to reconstruct the United States of America by the expansion of governmental power that began in 1865. â€Å"There were two central problems that animated Reconstruction; providing justice for freedmen and facilitating national reconciliation. (A New Birth of Freedom, pg. 1) After the 12 year span, reconstructing the nation succeeded in only a few of the goals that were set out to achieve within those 12 years that it was in progress. The Reconstruction’s intentionsRead MoreEssay On Reconstruction And Reconstruction1191 Words   |  5 PagesReconstruction was a period which took place after the Civil War between 1865-1877, and it was a process by which former states of the Confederacy were â€Å"reconstructed† into the United States. Reconstruction was also a controversial period as the Blacks were not receiving the rights that they were promised due to which the Southerners were against Republicans, also the president, and the Congress did not agree on the same plan for Reconstruction. Reconstruction was a time in which America consistedRead MoreThe Legacy Of Reconstruction And Reconstruction Essay2362 Words   |  10 PagesRecent books on Reconstruction†¦have infused their subjects with drama by focusing on violent confrontations,† Eric Foner notes in the introduction of the updated edition to his 1988 publication Reconstruction: America’s Unfinished Revolution, 1863-1877. Up until now, Foner’s revisionist historiography of Reconstruction was the only alternati ve offered to the Dunning School’s account of the important historical era. In recent years a neo-revisionist interpretation of Reconstruction has emerged inRead MoreFacial Reconstructions2008 Words   |  9 PagesForensic Facial Reconstructions Samantha McAnally CRMJ430 April 20, 2013 Abstract This paper will focus mainly on the history and the various techniques that forensic facial reconstruction has to offer. It will also go over some problems or an issue that is process has faced over the years. The Daubert Standard will discuss and how facial reconstruction was allowed as evidence thru this standard. I will go over all the periods of time that facial reconstruction was used. ComputerizedRead MoreBreast Reconstruction Procedures For Women1221 Words   |  5 PagesBrickell neighborhood. He performs breast reconstruction procedures for women who have had a mastectomy. With breast reconstruction surgery, Dr. G can provide women with natural-looking, shapely breasts. Types of Breast Reconstruction Procedures Available Near Brickell For some patients, reconstruction can begin during their mastectomy. Other patients may choose to have their breast reconstruction at some point after their mastectomy. Typically, breast reconstruction surgery involves several surgical sessionsRead More Reconstruction Essay932 Words   |  4 Pages Reconstruction took place after the end of the civil war. The reason for reconstruction was to put the union back together and free the slaves once and for all. Reconstruction took three eras to be completed. The first was Lincoln, the second Andrew Johnson, and the third was the Congressional â€Å"hard plan.† The Lincoln era lasted from 1863-1865. On December of 1863 the decree of â€Å"soft plan† was introduced. The â€Å"soft plan† included amnesty for the southerners that took the loyalty oath. It also

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Proposal For Improving The Quality Of Our Drinking Water

Georgiana Grecea ENC 1102 Professor: Steven Karl April 21st, 2015 A Proposal to Improve the Quality of Our Drinking Water There are only few things that tie us directly to the natural environment; one such thing is the water that we drink daily. Water is one of the most valuable natural resources and we cannot live without it. Kofi Atta Annan, a Ghanaian diplomat, who served as the seventh Secretary General for the United Nations (1997 – 2006) said: Access to safe water is a fundamental human need and, therefore, a basic human right. Contaminated water jeopardizes both the physical and social health of all people. It is an affront to human dignity. (United Nations) I personally never thought much of the importance of water in our daily life, until three years ago when my mother was diagnosed with last stage of colon cancer. My father, a nature lover all his life, throughout every trip made to Romania, would literally drag me out of the house in the early morning hours and have me go with him in a nearby forest to get spring water. He believed that this infinite spring water source was the cure for my mother disease. Today, not knowing the quality of the water I’m drinking, suddenly frightens me. Therefore, I began to question the quality of our drinking water and how does it impacts our health, when not contaminants free. Water is our most important food and it cannot be replaced. This statement is not a figure of speech, but a statement which has been raised up by manyShow MoreRelatedStanley Park Project White Paper841 Words   |  4 Pagesimportant to the community. The proposal will help the Council to take better judgement related to the development of the City of Kelsey. With all the facilities that Stanley Park Project seem to offer shows to be extremely beneficial to the City; from basketball courts, volleyball courts, tennis courts, gymnasium, fitness center increases the predicted value of the Stanley Park Project immensely. A major importance factor to focus on is the air quality and the water treatments and how would the predictedRead MoreFactors Affecting The Environment Of The Water Bodies On The Scotland River Basin District 51711 Words   |  7 Pages â€Æ' 1 INTRODUCTION: 1 2 DISCUSSION: 2 2.1 Scotland’s Water Sources: 2 2.1.1 Coastal Water: 2 2.1.2 Estuaries: 2 2.1.3 Freshwater Lochs: 2 2.1.4 Offshore Waters: 3 2.1.5 Rivers and Canals: 3 2.2 Extent: 3 2.3 Availability: 5 2.3.1 Current Condition of the Water Bodies in the Scotland River Basin District 5 2.4 Water Quality: 6 2.4.1 Water Pollution: 6 2.4.2 Catchment Management: 6 2.5 Cost of Supply: 7 2.6 Success of the Regulators: 8 3 CONCLUSION: 10 4 REFERENCES: 11 1 INTRODUCTION: ScotlandRead MoreObesity : A Reoccurring Problem1139 Words   |  5 Pageshome cooked meal. As the rate of obesity continuously increases, Americans are discovering and improving ways to help increase weight loss in a healthy beneficial way. As people look in the mirror, they may be unsatisfied about how they look or feel in their bodies. The world we live in today shapes the way we see ourselves. Americans live in a culture where looks are one of the most important qualities. Professional models become young girls’ role models, and they aspire to be as beautiful as themRead MoreChronic State Of Dehydration ( Ericson 1 )1604 Words   |  7 Pagessleepiness, dry skin, and headache! Do you know what those are signs of? Dehydration! â€Å"Dehydration happens when you ve lost too much water in your body without replacing it, preventing your body to perform its normal functions† (Mercola 1). With your schedule being so busy sometimes, making sure you have an adequate amount of water a day slips your mind. â€Å"Your body is mostly water. So even 1% difference effects you in a huge way† (Dustin Freckleton, MD). This is a crazy thought, because it doesn’t soundRead MoreChronic State Of Dehydration ( Ericson 1 )1606 Words   |  7 Pagessleepiness, dry skin, and headache! Do you know what those are signs of? Dehydration! â€Å"Dehydration happens when you ve lost too much water in your body without replacing it, preventing your body to perform its normal functions† (Mercola 1). With your schedule being so busy sometimes, making sure you have an adequate amount of water a day slips your mind. â€Å"Your body is mostly water. So even 1% difference effects you in a huge way† (Dustin Freckleton, MD). This is a crazy thought, because it doesn’t soundRead MoreA Brief Note On Healthcare And Developing Countries Essay1522 Words   |  7 Pagesbeen occurring in the developing world. All of the deaths have occurred in the developing world, with millions of struggling poor children facing three times the danger of dying compared to richer children of our world. Save the children global report showed what was going on throughout our civilization. There are hundreds of surveys that has shown that Iceland, Norway, and Sweden are amongst the top countries in the interest of healthcare for mothers and children throughout the 146 countries thatRead MorePublic Health And Health Care Essay1664 Words   |  7 Pagesto deal with its consequences across scenarios (Gibson, Theadore Jellison, 2012). Nonetheless, being prepared to avert, respond to, as well as rapidly recover from possible public health threats is indeed critical for the protection and security our nation’s public health. Although the federal government has invested over $5 billion to improve health care preparedness in government healthcare organizations since the 9/11 attack, it’s not clear whether such an investment has rendered the country’sRead MoreUnion Representation And Collective Bargaining Essay1477 Words   |  6 Pagesstrategy to reach those goals. A trade union is an organisation formed by workers to protect their interests and improve their working conditions, among other goals. It is a continuous association of wage earners for the purpose of maintaining and improving working conditions. In developing countries, the right to form a union and the right to collectively bargain protects the workers from various exploitative and abusive conditions at work and puts pressure on empl oyers to share productivity gainsRead MoreThe European Union Law Has A Big Impact On How The Uk Law Monitor Their Water Pollution1878 Words   |  8 Pagestheir water pollution as there are now specific standards that have to be adhered to as the government are now monitored and measured. The EU first regarded water pollution as an important matter in 1973 and have been introducing new directives since. The directives have looked at a number of topics referring to water pollution. In 2000 the European Commission produced The Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC (WFD) legislation as a major driver for achieving sustainable management of water in theRead MoreEssay on Green Infrastructure4124 Words   |  17 Pagescommunities can choose to maintain healthy waters,  provide  multiple  environmental  benefits  and support sustainable communities. Unlike  single-purpose  gray  stormwater infrastructure, which uses pipes to dispose of rainwater, green infrastructure uses vegetation and soil to manage rainwater where it falls. By weaving natural processes into the built environment, green infrastructure provides not only stormwater management, but also flood mitigation, air quality management, and much more. Programmes in

Decision Making Technique with Internet Reference Free Essays

The Decision Technique I chose to write about is the â€Å"Six Thinking Hats – Looking at a Decision from all Points of View.† This technique was created by Dr. Edward de Bono. We will write a custom essay sample on Decision Making Technique with Internet Reference or any similar topic only for you Order Now Dr. Bono is regarded as the leading international authority in conceptual and creative thinking and in the teaching of thinking as a skill. Of all the decision making technique I researched, this is the one that I agreed with the most in regards to the situation that I had in mind when researching decision making skills. This technique was very interesting to me because it made you look at a problem from all points of view. You could not be biased on one opinion or force of influence. It forced you to think outside the box. When making a decision, I feel that you must look at the issue from all points of view and not just your own biases or emotions. At times making a decision can be very hard, especially when you are the supervisor and responsible for your department. When both the decision and outcome it may have will ultimately affect you and your department and add the fact that you are the one that has to answer to higher authority. This is why I really think this technique is great because you incorporate how it will affect everyone around you from the employee to higher management. How this decision making technique works is that there are literally six hat you wear and each hat has a different way of thinking. For example: the first hat you wear is the â€Å"White Hat.† This hat allows you to focus on data and/or information. This is where you identify the problem or issue with the information you have by researching the information. The second hat you wear once you have the problem is the â€Å"Red Hat.† This is where you bring in the human in yourself and others. By realizing your intuition, reflex reaction and/or emotions. You also allow others to come in by realizing how they will react to the issue, how they will feel, how they will want to handle it, etc. This is a very important step in decision making because no matter what you chose to do this is the step that will make you or break you, in my opinion. This is where you will get your decision across to others by considering their reaction/emotions as well. The next hat that will be worn will be the â€Å"Black Hat.† Just as the color is stereo typed as â€Å"bad† this is where you think of all the negative reactions and how your decision will not work. This is where you analyze the issue and your decision and see where the mistakes are in your decision. This is also an important step as you consider the impact of your decision and the â€Å"what ifs.† The next hat is the â€Å"Yellow Hat.† Like a beautiful day when the sun is out and the weather is great to be outdoors and it is your day off. This is where you think optimistically and you see the good in your decision, which is a great step from coming out of the â€Å"Black Hat.† The next hat is the â€Å"Green Hat.† This is the step that you take off on. Your have already looked at the bad side and good side of your decision. This is where you get to be creative and brainstorm your decision and/or ideas. You are free at this point to write down all your ideas with no one to stop you. Finally, the last hat is the â€Å"Blue Hat.† Not because you are blue as in sad, because the ideas are not coming out as freely or when there is a back up plan needed. Those you are presenting the decision to usually wear this hat. Blue is neither good nor bad but can lead you back to the green hat or when you need a back-up plan which will send you back to the Black Hat. Because the organization I work for deals a lot with the public investigating, the dress code is an important issue. Recently in our organization this topic came up and it was addressed in a more formal way than usual. What was sent to everyone via the email was an explanation of why a Dress Code was being presented along with a List of What is permissible and not permissible to wear. The reason I feel that the â€Å"Six Hat† Technique would have been very useful in this situation is because I do not think that whomever made the decision of what was allowed to be worn or not considered other’s opinions or forces of influence. The list of what is allowed to be worn or not could be based on a person’s perception, depending on which side of the fence you were on. They left it open for scrutiny and conflict among employees and supervisors. By using the â€Å"Six Hats Technique, it would of allowed those in command to bring into the decisions making the employees that this issue will affect as well as their perception or biases in regards to the list of clothes. It would of allowed them to think the process more thoroughly as it is very hard to have a dress code with a diverse culture in our organization. To speak on behalf of the Dress Code Committee, it is very hard to try to please everyone. I feel that neither this decision making technique or any other technique used would of produced the perfect Dress Code List that would please everyone. This is one of those situations that you acknowledge you will be open to a lot of criticism. Because there is such diversity in culture, age, religious backgrounds etc., the perfect Dress Code List does not exist. Whatever technique was used in this decision making issue I feel was the best that they could do. Perhaps they should sign up for this course and learn how to frame the problem and learn to use better decision making techniques when making such an important decision that affects so many employees. How to cite Decision Making Technique with Internet Reference, Papers

Genius free essay sample

Albert Einstein supposedly once said Everyone is a genius. What he was trying to point out to us is that no matter what subject or issue, everyone has a talent where they excel, and (Coordination) in which they are classified as a genius. But what exactly is a genius? The dictionary states it as an exceptional natural capacity of intellect where intellect is the power or faculty of the mind by which one knows or understands. However, there can be various types of geniuses: of the arts, inventors, Miters or any common day hobbies, or maybe even life.As Einstein, who allegedly said this, discovered: the theory of relativity, proved atoms existed, and E=Mac, most people classified him as a genius(Periodic Sentence). Einstein was a genius of academics; he was more acquainted with the way his brain worked, especially compared to that of many of us (Parallelism). So he took what he needed to know from I. We will write a custom essay sample on Genius or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page E. Teachers, mentors, or parents), in order to make his life more like he wanted it to be. Another individual that most classify as a genius is Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, a music composer that started when he was Just the age of 5 years old appositive).Mozart was known as a child prodigy in music, he is well known for many symphonies and operas such as, Don Giovanni, The Magic Flute, and the Jupiter symphony. From the beginning, he was aware exactly what he had a passion to do, to play music, and that is exactly what he did. Most of mankind classifies this group of prodigies as geniuses because of what they did In order to make the world a different and changed place, but I believe they are geniuses because of what they did for homeless, in order to make their lives happier for their own desire. If you really think about it, what most people want from life Is happiness; to be able to push through all the struggles and come out as a better person; to fight for what you want or In what you believe; somebody who controls their life, In order to make It a happy one. One of my main role models In life, Brandon Bandmaster, who used to be Just a little small town boy from Litton, Oklahoma (appositive), now stands as our State FAA President. Brandon lived In a small town, and when he transferred there as a Irishman, he didnt even know what the FAA was.But after seeing a copious amount of opportunities for happiness In It, he took the chance and ran with It, and look here It landed him, as our State President, and he couldnt love It anymore! Brandon .NET through struggles and hardships, but he didnt let them stand In his way, I heard him once say A setback Is a setup for a comeback! , now that Is the attitude In Mulch you have to go at life! He kept on going and now all of that has p aid off because he Is happy, Just Like he always has been.What I believe all of those Individuals have In common Is that they saw an opportunity of happiness, they lasted onto It and It took them where they wanted to be. I believe that anyone who aspires to be happy, and doesnt let anyone tear them down but Instead stands back up stronger than before, Is someone who stands as a genius of life (Subordination). I truly believe that everyone Is a genius; at one time or another, something will happen that makes them realize that they dont live forever, and that you can either live out sour life happy, or sad.And when that moment comes, that person then becomes a genius of life. Intellect where intellect is the power or faculty of the mind by which one knows or people classified him as a genius(Periodic Sentence). Einstein was a genius of prodigies as geniuses because of what they did in order to make the world a different think about it, what most people want from life is happiness; to be able to push through all the struggles and come out as a better person; to fight for what you want or in what you believe; somebody who controls their life, in order to make it a happy one.One of my main role models in life, Brandon Bandmaster, who used to be Just a President. Brandon lived in a small town, and when he transferred there as a of opportunities for happiness in it, he took the chance and ran w ith it, and look Inhere it landed him, as our State President, and he couldnt love it anymore! Brandon Net through struggles and hardships, but he didnt let them stand in his way, I heard him once say A setback is a setup for a comeback! , now that is the attitude in Inch you have to go at life! He kept on going and now all of that has paid off cause he is happy, Just like he always has been.

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Information Systems Management Therapeutic Innovative Work

Question: Describe about the Information Systems Management for Therapeutic Innovative Work. Answer: Introduction: Samsung Medical Center (SMC) is situated in Seoul, South Korea. SMC was founded on November 9, 1994, for the sole purpose of enhancing the wellbeing of the nation through the best restorative means, the propelled therapeutic innovative work of exceptionally efficient staff. SMC is a scholastic, philanthropic tertiary care health center with roughly 6,500 staff members including approximately 2,000 medical caretakers and more than 1,200 specialists serving 1,951 sickbeds. Samsung Medical Center (SMC) is composed of SSH (Samsung Seoul Hospital), SCH (Samsung Changwon hospital), SLSRC (Samsung Life Sciences Research Center) and KSH (Kangbook Samsung Hospital). Equipped with the latest medical service frameworks such as the exceptional medicinal staff, SIMS (Samsung Medical Information System), PACS (picture archiving communication framework), CPAS (clinical pathology automation system) and LAS (logistics automation system). SMC (Samsung Medical Center) is leading the new hospital framew ork in Korea by being the best doctor's facility in cutting edge restorative administrations and delivering the patient-focused medicinal services in the bona fide sense. SMC (Samsung Medical Center) attends approximately 8,500 outpatients on daily basis. SMC has an average of 1,800 inpatients in a day and performs around 160 complex surgical operations daily (according to stats from the year 2011). Samsung Medical Center (SMC) has covered the land area of over 200,000 sq. meters with a 25 floors building. It consists of 120 special purpose clinics, 40 housing departments and 10 specialist centers. Strategic Evaluation - Situation Analysis Strategic management is developing plans for both unfeasible and predictable contingencies. It is pertinent to every small and large organizations. Even the Small organizations face competition in the market and by formulating and implementing suitable strategies, they can achieve sustainable competitive advantage. Pest Analysis Samsung medical center (SMC) is waving his flag high in medical world. The strong management of SMC knows how to formulate effective strategies that can balance the political, social, economic and technological imbalance. Political Strategy Samsung Medical Center (SMC) is a role model for other companies in tackling the political issues. It has created its own ways of handling political agendas. During the dark hours, Samsung Medical Center (SMC) using its diplomatic strategies and goodwill managed to haggle with the governing bodies of several countries. This resulted in favoring Samsung Medical Center (SMC) by modifying their rules and regulation. Economic Environment The economic outbalance exists in health center in Korea yet government reports still show that the expenditure on healthcare per capital continues to increase. The growth of medical centers in Korea clearly demonstrates how medical and nursing services have moved from public sector to the private sector and have become a more of business. In the current situation, Samsung Medical center (SMC) is delivering the best medical services using most advanced technology and methodologies. They have launched numerous welfare programs that tend to serve the poor and create a healthy environment. Socio-Cultural With the increasing population of South Korea, the health issues are increasing exponentially. With the advancement of medical technologies, new diseases are being discovered simultaneously. In the current situation, Samsung Medical Center (SMC) is delivering the best it could. The patients are becoming more informed and demanding. Technology By means of technology, Samsung Medical Center (SMC) is among the worlds leading medical centers. It is well equipped with modern smart devices. The use of SIMS (Samsung Medical Information System), PACS (picture archiving communication framework), CPAS (clinical pathology automation system) and LAS (logistics automation system) have made SMC one of the most advanced medical center enriched with technology. Currently, SMC is working on numerous projects related to health care using modern day technology. Swot Analysis Samsung Medical Center is trying its best to provide adequate medical services to all the patients using modern techniques not only in Korea but across the world. Samsung is not only providing services in Samsung Medical Center but also in innumerate hospitals across the globe. The major reason behind the popularity of Samsung Medical Center is its willingness to deliver best to the customers and embrace its weaknesses. Strengths The backbone of Samsung Medical Center (SMC) is Samsung Group of Companies. The technologies used by SMC have revolutionized the medical world. This is not the end. There are numerous projects under construction to deal with modern diseases. Samsung has an everlasting relationship with USA and Europe that makes its position firmer on the ground. Samsung is quite loaded by means of technology, assets, artifact, infrastructure and manpower. Weaknesses With all the technology, manpower, and huge structure, Samsung Medical Center is also facing few shortcomings in lieu of treatment. There had been few misdiagnosed cases in the hospital that defamed the medical center. There had been other shortcomings of specialists as compared to the number of patients under treatment. Opportunities Samsung Medical Center is one of the luckiest medical facility being under the banner of Samsung group of companies. It has a wide range of network spread globally. On a business point of view, Samsung Medical Center is one of the most profitable investments of Samsung group. With the support of Samsung group of companies, SMC aims at leading the medical world nor farther than the year 2020. Threats As any major organization, Samsung Medical Center is also facing multiple threats from the past decade. There are other medical centers those are dominating over SMC. It is also one of the most expensive hospitals in the region that make it only reachable by upper middle class and elites. So, a number of patients avoid being treated there. The growing population is another major threat to SMC as its unable to provide adequate treatment to all the patients. Globalization Due to the Samsung Group of Companies, SMC has emerged as a global hospital working with numerous countries. Samsung Medical Center (SMC) possesses the largest cancer center in Asia consisting of 655 beds. It has provided the medical aid to the victims of Taiwan Earthquake, 2006, Kobe Earthquake, 1995 and Tsunami in South East Asia in 2004. SMC is emerging as a global medical center which promotes active communication with numerous globally recognized medical institutes such as Mayo Center (US), MD Anderson Growth Center (US) and Beijing College Clinic. Due to its restless and devoted management and staff, SMC has been able to attract a large number of foreign patients which is helping it in gaining sustainability and global recognition. The major achievement by SMC is the inauguration of the first Korean medical center in Dubai, UAE. SMC is the first Korean medical facility that has landed in Middle East through Dubai. Recently, due to the tireless efforts of the management and staf f, the Hospital received an award from Ministry of health and welfare as SMC (Samsung Medical Center) is attracting the most foreign patients in the region. E-Marketing Strategy DEFINITION E-trade is the selling and buying of merchandise and services, or the transmitting and transferring assets or information over an electronic system, essentially the web. These business exchanges happen either as business-to-business, business-to-buyer, buyer-to-buyer or customer-to-business. E-marketing strategies used by smc: SMC (Samsung Medical Center) has built up four key goals in data innovation and technology. They include Film-less by PACS used commonly in healthcare industry Chart less by virtue of EMR (Electronic Medical Record) Paper-less HIS (Hospital information system) The last one "weightless" is, exceptionally remarkable and seldom found anywhere. (James Matthew 2012) How to achieve the mission The above mentioned points can be easily achieved by the Samsung Medical Center by following some simple steps. Each and every individual needs to perform his/her duties quite efficiently in order to make sure that they want to achieve the target goals. The duties should be properly allocated especially to those who are looking after the eBusiness side of the Samsung Medical Center. Dr. Smart S The future: A cell phone application developed by SMC named "Dr. Smart S," is conveyed in the clinical environment of the medical center. SMC has stepped in the future by introducing a whole new dimension in medical world through Dr. Smart S. Dr. Smart S was introduced by SMC in August, 2003. Around then, it was uncommon for a medical center to present "Zone service" through cell phones as a feature of FMC (Fixed mobile Coverage). The first application was developed to run on Palm OS (an old operating system), the then mobile operating system as adopted by Samsung. "SCH-M3300." Since then the application has been modified and updated 3 times. The first update was a change of platform from Palm OS to windows operating system. The latest update has been made by restructuring the application for Android smartphones. Samsung medical center (SMC) named the application as Dr. Smart S. The application contains all the information such as data of inpatient, outpatient, a patient at operation room and pa tient at the emergency room, patients list waiting to admit and consultation notes. This is all the information Doctors want to know and for which they have to visit each room and each operation center. The three major components of Dr. Smart S are Terminal Network infrastructure Server group A terminal is a sort of smart phone which can run the downloaded applications on OS. SMC (Samsung Medical Center) has used Samsung Galaxy S as terminal that loads Dr. Smart S to run on Google Android. (Salehi et al. 2012) The application was developed using Eclipse IDE. SMC is taking advantage from both wireless and wired systems as network framework. The end point connected cordlessly by the terminal is Aruba Access Point (AP-70, IEEE 802.11 a/b/g). The wired is made out of backbone switch (10 Gb/s) at computer room, distribution switch (1 Gb/s) from the computer room to each floor, and workgroup switch (100 Mb/s) at each floor. The major component of a server group is a mobile server which recovers information from the legacy (Barati et al. 2016) framework and gives them to the terminal. The legacy system stores all the result of transactions using SIMS by responding mobile server's request. OS and database management system (DBMS) on the mobile server are Windows Server 2003 and M ySQL 5 respectively. The development tool used for mobile server software module was NetBeans 6.0. The legacy system uses HP (Hewlett-Packard) integrity Superdome as hardware, HP-Unix 11.23 as Operating system, middleware is TMAX 4.0 and for Database management system it is Oracle 10g respectively. Usability of dr. Smart s: To use Dr. Smart S. on a smartphone, the app has to be downloaded from Play Store. After downloading the app, you have to register yourself with authentic information. The encrypted user ID and Password are then transferred to the mobile server using wireless connectivity. The user will be connected to the mobile server even if the user doesnt know network preferences. The authentication process consists of two levels using MAC address of terminals as compared with information provided by the legacy system with users ID and password check. The two level authentication processes are specially designed for confidentiality of patients data even if the phone is lost. A further added feature is the limited access to the users according to their designation. According to the SMC (Samsung medical Center) policy, the user will automatically be disconnected from the server if the system detects no user activity for some time. SMC (Samsung Medical Center) has installed cordless network AP at e ach floor, cafeteria, lobby and other places which doctors usually visit. Balancing online and offline promotion: In the past few years, Internet marketing has emerged drastically. Organizations are now able to communicate with more people, monitor their competitors, and get feedback from clients. Both online and offline marketing have advantages and disadvantages. As a business owner, it is necessary to figure out how to balance both online and offline promotion methods. For an organization, its difficult to manage both online and offline promotion methods. Both the methods should be connected directly in order to maximize productivity. It is necessary to combine your online and offline promotion strategies. SMC is concentrating on building a solid online presence. It has developed an efficient network of contacts. SMC uses both online and offline marketing strategies so when one fails the other can compensate the loopholes. SMC is making sure that every penny spent is advertisement counts. SMC is also taking full benefit of TV commercials to bring individuals to their website. SMC is using offline techniques to promote online promotion methods and online techniques to promote offline promotions. The site URL is available on every brochure and awareness paper published by SMC. Business Strategy In spite of the experience, it is conceivable to convert procedures and strategies into individual activities, for an effective business performance. But it is not easy to achieve. Many organizations over and again neglect to motivate its employees and clients to work with enthusiasm, all together, for the prosperity of the organization. (Habibi et al. 2015) Most organizations and associations know their business, and the techniques required for the achievement. The essential elements to draw a strategy are: Motivational leadership: Solely focuses on achieving sustained performance through value-based leadership, personal growth, and planning by efficiently recognizing human dynamics. People look towards their leader for guidance. Leadership is the core element in transforming strategy into results. Effective leadership always makes a difference in determining the path of an organization. The productivity of a company is dependent on the internal infrastructure which includes every aspect like ethical and moral behavior, working standards and environment. Strategy into Action: Strategy in action planning is a staged methodology highlighting the performance, connecting strategic measures to the departmental, project and singular action. (Forro et al. 2015) The main objective is to empower the organization to adequately decipher strategies through to results carried under a clear and effective process. Including the right individuals is fundamental to make right choices on priorities, and making action plans that are aligned and clear. Performance Management: Performance management is the development of hierarchical procedures and abilities important to accomplish results through individuals delivering adequate results. To draw an efficient strategy in papers is quite ravishing but implementing those strategies in real time is often hectic. (Malmstrom et al. 2013) Most of the organizations have excellent strategies but poor implementation. Performance Management is a key component in getting the entire association adjusted and assembled to achieve goals and work cooperatively together to deliver expected results. The increase in performance management is empowered utilizing IT system. Legal And Ethical Issues Health care is an unpredictable domain where the health experts work with numerous regulations, laws and standards of practice. Doctors have to make difficult choices keeping both ethical and moral aspects in mind. Numerous moral situations emerge when a choice must be made to kill life-support machines and permit death to occur to a patient. Other common moral and ethical issues, a health care expert may face, are privacy, matters related to consent of the patient and relationships with patients, particularly while treating the minors. (Chaffey et al. 2012) Confidentiality Confidentiality is both, a lawful and a moral issue. Keeping data around a patient confidential is a way of showing regard for the self-respect of patients, while disclosing patient's data can affect the patient. There are specific laws related to the the release of patient's data under the HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act). The laws characterize precisely what data can be discharged and to whom under what circumstances. As the Insurance policy might not be allowed to view patients data while a person that have direct impact of patients health might be allowed to have direct access of data. If there's some risk to a third party involved, a moral and ethical medical professional might have to break the confidentiality to prevent any harm. Relationships: Relationship with any patient, especially sexual connection, are categorized illegal by both the medical and nursing code of morals. (Simmons Conlon 2013) Such activities are viewed as unhealthy and misconduct that might bring about suspension from the institution and lose the license to practice medicine. A sexual relationship with any under treatment patient thought to be a misuse of force with respect to the doctor or medical attendant, as patients are reliant and helpless. (Foerster 2015) A sexual association with a patient can be exceptionally unsafe, and a moral specialist will stay away from the patient even in the presence of sexual enthusiasm for a patient. Malpractice: Many health care professionals face the risk of being suspended for malpractice. A claim might be damage from a damage identified with surgery, defective equipment or use of inadequate medical products. (Schilsky 2013) The danger of lawsuit is the end goal that numerous social insurance experts practice defensive medicine such as requesting a test or performing a procedure to guarantee that the patient can't allege carelessness. Consent An informed consent must be provided by the patient for treatment to be lawful. Any operation performed by doctors without legitimate consent is categorized as assault. When treating an adolescent, the medical proficient faces a clash of morals and ethics under specific circumstances. (Eid El-Gohary 2013) The expert may trust that guardians ought to be kept informed of their child's health issue. Conclusion: Strategy Evaluation is as significant as the formulation of strategy since it defines the proficiency and adequacy of the comprehensive plans to achieve the expected outputs. The authorities can also survey suitability of the current procedure in dynamic world with political, financial and technological advancements. Strategic evaluation is the last step of strategic administration. (Michael 2014) The importance of strategic assessment is its ability to coordinate the tasks done by managers, departments, groups etc. through control of execution. Strategic evaluation is noteworthy on while considering numerous elements, such as creating contributions for a new strategic planning, an urge to review, appraisal and reward, judging the legitimacy of the strategic decision and so forth. It is a direction in which the strategy makers set the goals and numerous ways to accomplishing them. It deals with making decisions about the future bearing of an association and implementing them. It helps us in determining the path of an organization on which direction it is moving. Without any prior set of instructions to implement the strategy, a company cannot survive. Moreover, strategy evaluation is far better for running an error free operation. In fact, it is much better if the set of instructions are initially formulated. However, the strategy should be in accordance with the evaluation me thod. This is how we strategy evaluation is performed. One way or the other, such planning always helps the company to improve its operations. Importance of strategic management: Strategic management is a continuous process of assessing and controlling the business and the industries of an organization. It assesses its competitors and sets different objectives and strategies to meet all the current and potential contenders, and then reevaluate strategies to decide how it has been implemented in the system and whether it was effective and efficient or does it needs any sort of substitution. Strategic Management gives a detailed viewpoint to the workers of an organization and allow them to judge so they can better access how their job fits into the whole hierarchical organization and how it is co-identified with other authoritative individuals. (Cascino et al. 2014) Strategic management is the art of overseeing workers such that it increases the overall capacity of achieving business targets. The workers can comprehend the response of ecological changes on the association. One of the significant parts of the strategic management is to incorporate numerous functional areas of the organization and to guarantee the practical regions blending together. Another part of strategic management is to watch out for the objectives and goals of the organization. In the modern world, for the survival of an organization, it is necessary to plan the future of the organization than working on today. (Hamdan 2012) Companies like Nokia, Kodak etc. were busy in serving their clients that they forgot to formulate their future. Samsung is making sure of not becoming one of them. The sustainability Samsung Medical center (SMC) is best example to see how successfully Samsung has implemented the management strategies and set their future goals. Strategic management is an independent department where the strategies have to be formulated keeping in view the limitations of the company. In some scenarios, the management needs to be very careful about the legal and ethical obligations. In short, the strategic management is responsible to make the operations successful and it plays a very important role for the development and growth of a company. If the strategy evaluation process is properly defined then, it is easier to achieve the desired goals and objectives. In fact, the company finds the right direction and starts making progress rapidly. The importance of strategic evaluation can be assessed by looking at the infrastructure of the company. Strategies need to be formulated in a very timely manner with respect to all the legal and ethical values. Therefore, the significance of the strategic evaluation process can be explained and defined as one of the major pillars of the company. The case study above explained how scenarios vary and how they can be handled with an effective strategic evaluation process. 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